Canada and Mexico imposed tariffs on whiskey, a popular export from Kentucky, home of the Senate majority leader, Mitch McConnell.
For Mr. Trump, presiding over the Security Council was an unusual exercise because it exposed him to public criticism — something rarely seen in his cabinet meetings or at his political rallies.
In addition to China’s denial of his accusation of political meddling, Britain, France and Russia faulted him for withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal. Russia took issue with his statements on Syria, and Bolivia’s leftist president, Evo Morales, assailed the United States for just about everything, going back to what he said was its role in ousting Iran’s democratically elected leader in a coup in 1953.
“The United States could not care less about human rights and justice,” Mr. Morales declared.
“Thank you, Mr. President,” Mr. Trump said stonily when he was finished.
Other members were more measured in their remarks.
President Emmanuel Macron of France said the United States and Europe shared the same goals on Iran but differed on the means of achieving them. Mr. Wang of China said that the nuclear deal was a “hard-won victory of multilateralism,” and that while imperfect, had proved itself viable over the past three years.
But Mr. Trump also won praise from most of the members for his diplomatic opening to North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, as well as for his broader focus on the threat from chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
On Wednesday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met with North Korea’s foreign minister, Ri Yong-ho, in New York. Mr. Pompeo said he intended to travel to Pyongyang next month to help prepare for a second summit meeting between Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim.